Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Darlinghurst Blog: Villas of Darlinghurst: Goderich Lodge

Goodrich (sic), The Residence of Captain Smith, artist unknown, 1875 (detail).
Goderich Lodge: allotment of over four-acres granted to Thomas Maquoid in 1831.

This Darlinghurst mansion-house, or villa, was designed by John Verge for the High Sheriff of NSW, Thomas Macquoid, and was situated near what is now the corner of Bayswater Road and Penny Lane. 
Born in Ireland, Macquoid came to Australia in 1829, following a period in Java, where he produced coffee crops for the East India Company, as well as a tenure as Sheriff of India.
The 1832 mansion house was named Goderich Lodge, after Lord Goderich (Frederick John Robinson), the then Secretary of State for the colonies, who was also the British Prime Minister for a brief period. 
Macquoid arrived in Australia full of optimism for his new role in a new colony, but very soon had slunk into depression.
His first major issue was with his new job, which he believed did not have the appropriate status for such an important position. His office was also understaffed and overwhelmed with work. Litigation and bankruptcy proceedings were rife and there were over 700 summonses to be served.
To worsen things, Macquoid was also suffering financially after investing in a large farming property in the Tuggeranong Valley, near Canberra, which he named Waniassa. The country had been hit by drought, while the colony was also in financial collapse. 
Unable to cope, Macquoid committed suicide in October, 1841, leaving his son Thomas Hyam to deal with his mounting debts.
(Incidentally, Thomas Hyam was one of 121 people who died aboard the wreck of the clipper, Dunbar, which crashed into rocks at South Head, at the base of suicide-spot, The Gap, in 1857; his body was never recovered. The Dunbar's anchor was retrieved and is mounted at The Gap as a memorial.)

Goderich Lodge was sold at auction two months after Macquoid's death and in the years that followed was rented by the First Bishop of Australia, Dr William Grant Broughton, whose wife died at the house in 1849. 
The next tenant was Surveyor General Samuel Augustus Perry, and then in the 1850s, Goderich Lodge was purchased by Frederick Tooth, of Tooth's Brewery fame, who later sold it to shipping merchant Captain Charles Smith (which was when the illustration at the top of this post was created).
Captain Smith died at Goderich from embolism in June 1897 and his wife Marjorie stayed on at the home until at least 1904 when her daughter, Marjorie, married.
By then, the original four-acre land grant had been subdivided and there were a number of properties on Macquoid's original estate. 

According to the book, Villas of Darlinghurst, Goderich Lodge, demolished in 1915, was located where the old Hampton Court Hotel sits today (above).
The name of the old British PM still remains however, in the laneway that runs along the back of the old Hampton Court Hotel, Goderich Lane.
The Hampton Court Hotel, which has been pretty much dormant since the late 1990s has finally been refurbished into apartments, know as The Hampton.
And before you start complaining that all the old hotels in the area are being converted into apartments, the hotel actually began life as a 100-flat, apartment block, Hampton Court, after 1915. It was converted into a hotel in the late 1930s, following the death of its owner, motoring industry pioneer Albert Gordon Hampton.

This City of Sydney Archives photograph (above) was taken in 1910 from Bayswater Road, looking down Penny Lane before Hampton Court was built.
The Victorian-era terrace house to the left would have been built up alongside Goderich Lodge as the land was subdivided. Shame there are no photographs of the lodge, which was obviously further back somewhere.

Just over 100 years later, there are no signs of the old Darlinghurst at this corner.

The only distinct trace, apart from the laneway, is the curve of the gutter.

From the rear, looking down Goderich Lane, the Hampton Court is massive. 

And I wonder if the trees at the right in this archive photograph are the ones that surrounded Goderich Lodge, which feature in the two illustrations. 



Anonymous said...

Have you seen the old stone wall in Goderich Lane behind no. 16-20 Kings Cross Rd (10 storey Art Deco apartment block next to the Diamond Hotel)

Since finding the State Library booklet 'Villas of Darlinghurst' last year I've been wondering if it is a piece of Goderich Lodge. I also found your blog when I was looking for more info on the Villas & enjoy reading it.

Violet Tingle said...

Oh, no, rats, I didn't walk that far down the lane - it's not the most attractive laneway in the area. Will do another exploration on the weekend and check it out. Thanks for the tip and your comment. Vx

Anonymous said...

our laneway was more interesting back in the 80's before the Crescent was built!

Finally "they" whoever "they" are have started re-building the curved gutter around the electricity kiosk, months after the gutter behind the renovated Hampton court was rebuilt. Then all we will need is for both Penny's & Goderich lanes to be resurfaced so the delivery trucks can destroy them again.


Marghanita said...

This 1921 Newspaper article describes Hampton Court and claims it would be the biggest block of flats in the State!

There is also a nice illustration of the new building. It was constructed by Mr Campbell an Annandale Builder.

1921 'The Biggest Block of Flats in the State.', Evening News (Sydney, NSW : 1869 - 1931), 18 May, p. 8, viewed 30 January, 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article118913831

arthursmith47@hotmail.com said...

Does anyone have any information about Chistlehurst House that stood at
34 Bayswater Road Darlinghurst NSW in 1907.
This was my great grand parents home he died there on the 7th November 1907 and would like to see what "Chistlehurst" look like.

leeshin said...

very interesting blog, thank you for sharing